Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig. Do not use the abbreviation p. Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page.
Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page. The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Begin the list on a new page. The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited , an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is sometimes called hanging indention , and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs.
Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table , given an arabic numeral, and titled.
Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters. Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex.
Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Use a high-quality printer. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages. Be sure to save the changed file. Spelling checkers and usage checkers are helpful when used with caution.
They do not find all errors and sometimes label correct material as erroneous. So, avoid this little mistake — adjust font and spacing, not only in the body of your paper but also in its header. Typically, an MLA style paper does not presuppose a separate title page, which saves you some time on formatting.
You can include your information on the first line of your page 1. All of this information is left-aligned! The next line of your MLA style paper is the title of your work. The title is centered and capitalized. Even when you are working on a short essay as opposed to say, a complex MLA style research paper , you will probably be giving references in your work. And, in case of an MLA style paper, you are also supposed to indicate page number for the quote this, of course only concerns printed sources.
If you are quoting from a digital source that does not have a page number, you mention the author's name only and call it done. An MLA citation usually looks like this:. Your own text, followed by citation: If the article has two authors, their names will be separated by commas, though: One more exception is a block quotation. When you need to quote a considerable amount of text, start the citation on a new line and indent the whole piece.
In practice, it will look like a separate, fully indented paragraph. However, remember that stuffing your text with too many quotations block ones, especially is not such a good idea. You can always double-check yourself with free online plagiarism checking tools — just to be on the safe side.
Do you include only the sources you quoted? Or the sources you paraphrased, too? However, when writing for the academy, you do not always give a direct quote from every resource you refer to.
In case of an MLA style paper, this little aspect often leads to confusion. The surest way to avoid it is to simply include a short, even if a couple of words, quote from every resource. But, you can also give in-text reference to the author and still mention the article in your Works Cited section — this is acceptable.
Another question many students ask when working on MLA style paper is how many sources they are supposed to quote from. Ideally, you should consult your professor on that — most of the time, they will tell you exactly how many external references they expect. So, a five-page paper will normally have five sources on the Works Cited page. But once again, this is an example of a flexible guideline, not a general rule. Here are the rigid rules:. If you were to quote a single chapter from the same book, the reference would look like this: Modern History in Pictures.
The preparation of papers and manuscripts in MLA style is covered in chapter four of the MLA Handbook, and chapter four of the MLA Style Manual. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style.
This resource contains a sample MLA paper that adheres to the updates. To download the MLA sample paper, select the MLA Sample Paper .
DEALING WITH TITLES IN MLA FORMAT by Dr. Harold William Halbert. The conventions of properly marking a title in MLA style can seem confusing, but the basic issues deal with 1) capitalization and 2) marking the title. Learn everything you need to know about MLA style paper formatting requirements — we’ll show you exactly which rules are strict and which are flexible.
The papers also demonstrate the use of MLA style to document sources and the formatting of the margins, line spacing, and other physical attributes of a printed paper. The MLA’s guidelines on formatting papers appear elsewhere on this site. Oct 20, · Many academic papers are written using MLA style. MLA style normally does not require a cover page because all of the important information is worked into the first page. However, some instructors do prefer a separate title page. In this case, use the following standards. Write the title about one 87%(54).