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❶A few standards, such as Chicago style and the Council of Biology Editors BCE use a footnote numbering system, where a number is used and cross-referenced with the endnote section and bibliography:.

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Text Formatting
How to Format an in Text Citation
How to Cite

For websites do not put full URLs. You can use the format "eHow. There is no need for page numbers or paragraph numbers. Mention the names of the authors leading up to the quote or data.

If there are more than three you are allowed to use the first name listed in your bibliography plus "et al. Place each of the last names of the authors in parenthesis along with the page number if you did not mention them. If there are more than three, you are allowed to put the first name listed in your bibliography plus "et al. Antonin Korenek has been writing professionally since Korenek graduated from Wayne State University with a bachelor's degree in English.

Use our citation tool to automatically generate your bibliography for any website. How to Put Citations in a Research Paper. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited , an inch from the top of the page fig.

If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is sometimes called hanging indention , and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs.

Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table , given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.

Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals. Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig.

If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Use a high-quality printer. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. For example, a psychologist will be aware of pavlovian conditioning , so you do not need to reference that if it from your own head.

A biochemist will be aware of how ethanol is made. There are a number of ways in which you can reference the source, but most are based upon variations of MLA and APA style. Check with your supervisor which exact technique you should be using, and be consistent.

If you use one style all of the way through, there should be no problem, but mixing the styles makes things unclear to the reader and may well be punished by your supervisor.

For this style, after every paraphrase, you include the surname of the author and the date of writing. Sargeant, at the end of the sentence. This will allow any readers to find your work in the reference list and check the original source for themselves. There are a few variations, especially with electronic information, but they all follow the same basic structure.

If the author has written more than one paper in the same year, then you can use an alphabetical appendix:. Some departments prefer it if you also use page numbers, if possible. The other difficulty is when there is no author mentioned, and the source was written by an organization. In this case, you use the name of the organization or a recognized abbreviation.

The exact abbreviation does not matter too much, as long as it is clear in the bibliography. The same is true of many electronic sources, although be careful that any non-attributed source is reliable.

For multiple authors, it is usual to mention them all the first time, but to use 'et al.

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This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster. Chicago Manual of Style. This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.

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How to Format an in Text Citation There are a number of ways in which you can reference the source, but most are based upon variations of MLA and APA style. Check with .

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The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay. Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations can lead to a charge of plagiarism. Using in-text citations helps tell the reader where the information you are discussing originated.

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Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own. If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. It is easy to cite your source in-text and there are many ways to do it. Typical citations are listed in-line with alphabetic-label format, e.g. [AB90]. This type of style is also called an "Authorship trigraph." The Vancouver system, recommended by the Council of Science Editors (CSE), is used in medical and scientific papers and research.