For example, there may be multiple papers providing quantitative analysis of a particular social trend. However, none of these papers looked closely at how this trend was affecting the lives of people. Describe how you analyzed your results. Your analysis generally depends on whether your approach is qualitative, quantitative, or a mixture of the two. If you're using a quantitative approach, you may be using statistical analysis. With a qualitative approach, state what theoretical perspective or philosophy you're using.
For example, you might do a statistical analysis, and then interpret those statistics through a particular theoretical lens. Explain how your analysis suits your research goals. Ultimately, your overall methodology should be capable of producing answers to your research questions.
If it isn't well-suited, you need to either adjust your methodology or reframe your research question. While you could do interviews of college-educated people who grew up on a family farm, that would not give you a picture of the overall effect. A quantitative approach and statistical analysis would give you a bigger picture.
Identify how your analysis answers your research questions. Relate your methodology back to your original research questions and present a proposed outcome based on your analysis. Describe specifically what your findings will reveal about your research questions.
You can also include here any limitations to your methods, or questions that weren't answered through your research. Assess whether your findings can be transferred or generalized. You may be able to transfer your findings to other contexts, or generalize them to broader populations.
Transferability can be difficult in social science research, particularly if you used a qualitative approach. If you have a well-designed sample, you can statistically apply your results to the larger population your sample belongs to. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Organize your methodology section chronologically, starting with how you prepared to conduct your research methods, how you gathered data, and how you analyzed that data.
This means that your methodology chapter should clearly state whether you chose to use quantitative or qualitative data collection techniques or a mixture of both.
You will be required to provide justifications as to why you preferred a certain method over the others. If you are trying to figure out exactly how to write methodology or how to structure methodology of research or dissertation then this article will point you in the right direction. It is imperative for students to make sure that deep down they know the academic basis for choosing certain methods of research.
The methodology generally acts as a guideline or plan to exactly how you intend to carry out your research. This is especially true for students who are required to submit their methodology chapter before carrying out the research. The most common contents of methodology are research design, philosophical approach, data collection methods, research limitations, ethical considerations, and data analysis methods. For those who are submitting their dissertation as a single paper, then their methodology should also touch on any modifications that they had to make as their work progressed.
However, it is vitally important to provide academic justifications to all choices made by the researcher. As indicated previously, the theme of your methodology chapter should be related to your literature research and research questions.
You can visit your college or university library to find text books and articles that provide information about the most commonly employed methods of research. An intensive read of such books can help you to devise your research philosophy and choose the appropriate methods.
Any limitations or weaknesses of your chosen research approach should also be explained as well as the methods to overcome them. Use the arguments for and against articulated in the literature to clarify why you decided to choose this research design and why the research limitations are irrelevant in your research.
According to USC-Research Guides , the primary function of a research design is to enable the researcher to effectively and flawlessly answer the research questions through evidence. Generally, this section will shed light on how you collected your data. The researcher will have to justify their choice of data collection methods such as literature research, interviews, phone surveys, online surveys and so on.
Moreover, choice of data sampling should also be clearly explained with focus on how you made the choice of ethnicity, group, profession and age of the participants. What type of questions you intend to ask to the respondents and how will they help to answer your research questions or how will they help to test the hypothesis of research? It is recommended to prepare these questions at the very start of your research; when you develop your research aim and questions.
This approach can allow for you the room to change or modify research questions if your methods of data collection are not giving the desired results. In short, you will need to make sure that the data you are going to collect relates to the topic you are exploring.
The complexity and length of research design section will vary depending on your academic subject and the scope of your research but any well written research design will have the following characteristics: For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study , considering the literature review outline and format , and the following sections.
A common limitation of academic articles found in research papers is that the premises of the methodology are not backed by reasons on how they help achieve the aims of the article.
Data Analysis Methods This section should also focus on information on how you intend to analyze your results. Describe how you plan and intend to achieve an accurate assessment of the hypotheses, relationships, patterns, trends, distributions associated with your data and research purpose.
The data type, how it was measured, and which statistical tests were conducted and performed, should be detailed and reported in an accurate manner. There are certain aspects that you need to pay extra attention in relation to your research methodology section. The most common issues to avoid are:. This blog series focuses on useful academic writing tips.
Next, we discuss empirical analysis and results. For academic writing help, focus on these criteria and tips on how to write a great research methodology for your academic article. Internal secondary data research. External secondary data research. You may also like. Responsabilities of Publisher Related Policies and Links 11 months ago. Responsabilities of Publisher Responsibilities of the Publisher in the Relationship with Journal Editors 11 months ago.
The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be .
The methodology describes the broad philosophical underpinning to your chosen research methods, including whether you are using qualitative or quantitative methods, or a mixture of both, and why. You should be clear about the academic basis for all the choices of research methods that you have made.
First off, let’s establish the differences between research methods and research methodology. Research Methods and Research Methodology. As an Academic and Author of valuable research papers, it’s important not to confuse these two terms. Research Methodology Definition. Research Methodology refers the discussion regarding the specific methods chosen and used in a research paper. Methodology is the process used to gather and analyze data needed to answer the research questions guiding a study. Strive for clarity and accuracy when describing each step of the methods you used.
Whilst there are slight variations according to the exact type of research, the methodology can usually be divided into a few sections. Describe the materials and equipment used in the research. Explain how the samples were gathered, any randomization techniques and how the samples were prepared. Jun 28, · How to Write Research Methodology. The research methodology section of any academic research paper gives you the opportunity to convince your readers that your research is useful and will contribute to your field of study. An effective 67%(3).